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spermaceti uses in cold cream

It possesses little or no odour and taste. Take spermaceti, half an ounce; oil of almonds, two fluid ounces; white wax, one drachm. Calcium alginate fibres swell and dissolve in ammoniacal copper nitrate but are insoluble in 60 percent cold sulphuric acid, 5 percent boiling potassium hydroxide solution and warm hydrochloric acid. Melt the white wax and spermaceti on a hot plate. Cold creams were widely used in the theatrical trades to remove greasepaint with a number of suppliers producing products labelled as Theatrical Cold Cream. The International Whaling Commission shut down the entire whale fishery after the 1984 season, now it is replaced by synthetic spermaceti or jojoba oil. Cold cream is, simply put a water-in-oil (w/o) emulsion. Then add powdered Camphor, 2 ounces; oil of rosemary, 1 drachm. CAMPHOR BALL is made by melting together, spermaceti, 3 drachms; white wax, 4 drachms; almond oil, 1 ounce; and then adding powdered camphor, 3 drachms. Made in the same way as Cold cream. Heat the sodium borate solution to 70°C. [12 ozs. We are proud to bring you this 1912 Cold Cream. 12 Spermaceti (from Greek sperma meaning "seed", and ceti, the genitive form of "whale") is a waxy substance found in the head cavities of the sperm whale (and, in smaller quantities, in the oils of other whales). Pharmaceutical Preparations: Cold Cream, Ointment of Rose Water. When nearly cool, add oil of bitter almonds, ½ drachm; oil of geranium, 15 minims. They produce cooling sensation by the evaporation of water, after application of cream to the skin. CERATUM ROSATUM. The only thing substituted in the recipe is the spermaceti (whale oil) replacement, all else followed to a tee. Cold cream made with scented oils, spermaceti, and wax, then mixed with rosewater and ambergris, was a common toilette preparation. 20 gr Castor oil In fact, candles made of spermaceti were considered the best in the world, producing a bright clear flame without an excess of smoke. Something much like cold cream, i e an emulsion of fat and water, have been around for some 2000 years, at least. The cold cream smelled nicer, but still had a short shelf life. Cold cream is an emulsion of water and certain fats, usually including beeswax and various scent agents, designed to smooth skin and remove makeup. WHITE LIP-SALVE.—Melt, as above, oil of almonds, 4 ounces, with white wax and spermaceti, each, 1 ounce. SYNONYMS: Emplastrum spermatis ceti, Ceratum labiate album. Physeter macrocephalus are naturally found in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans chiefly near the coasts of Mozambique, Zanzibar and Ceylon. Stir thoroughly together. It can also be used as a raw material of lipsticks. and above it, cream become ductile and salve like; spermaceti, kerosene and paraffin wax make it gloss where as lanolin provides softness. ]; to make one thousand grammes (1000 Gm.) av., 231 grs. Stir well together. (1) Cold Cream:- Cooling effect is produced due to slow evaporation of the water contained in the formulation. Pharm., Vol. The pH of … 1912 Sultana Cold Cream Cold Cream - Hand Cream - Large 2oz / 56.7g Small 1.24 oz/35.44g Original Recipe With Spermaceti Substitution Excellent for sensitive skin! This means that you take water, and blend it into oil until it doesn’t separate anymore. These are w/o type. Cold creams were used as moisturizer, face pack, cleanser, balm, and even as a shaving cream (by men). D. Henriette's herbal is one of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the net. Rose cerate, Lip-salve.—White wax, 50 parts; oil of almonds (expressed), 100 parts; carmine, ½ part; essential oil of rose, ½ part. The name derives from the cooling feeling that the cream leaves on the skin. Other Cerates.—RED LIP-SALVE. Prevents blemishes by removing excess oil and dead skin cells. King's American Dispensatory, 1898, was written by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D., and John Uri Lloyd, Phr. She specializes in writing about personal development, health, careers and personal finance. Another formulation of cold cream consists of borax, beeswax, mineral oil, glycerin, propylene glycol, and preservative. Exactly when the cream was first produced is not clear. These are o/w type. Spermaceti occurs as a white, translucent crystalline mass. Skin peels were all the rage by the late 1800’s – acid peels in particular. Spermaceti is a waxy substance found in the head cavities of the sperm whale. A peculiar oil found in the head of the sperm whale, spermaceti, was highly prized. spermaceti uses in cosmetics. Cold cream is an emulsion of water and certain fats, usually including beeswax and various scent agents, designed to smooth skin and remove makeup. We chose this specific recipe for a few reasons. M., Ph. No emulsifiers are used in this recipe. Preparation.—Spermaceti, one hundred grammes (100 Gm.) av., 3 ozs., 120 grs.]. It is found that this cerate may be preserved a much longer time when made of yellow instead of white wax, and of olive oil not bleached (J. Then add powdered Camphor, 2 ounces; oil of rosemary, 1 drachm. 2) Add liquid paraffin & heat the mixture to 700 C. 3) Dissolve the borax in water at 750 C & add to melted fats with continuous stirring. Whales had it really bad during the Victorian era, what with all of their bones constantly being used to make corsets and all that. Spermaceti consists principally of cetyl palmitate (C1sH31.COOC16H33) with smaller quantities of cetyl myristate, cetyl laurate and cetyl stearate. Nov 2, 2013 - Explore beth hodsdon's board "Ponds cold cream" on Pinterest. It also contains 50-63 percent of wax alcohols. Spermaceti is a pearly white wax like material found in the head cavity of the sperm whale. A Week Earlier, 41st Grammys, A botanical alternative to spermaceti is a derivative of jojoba oil, jojoba esters, C19H41COO-C20H41, a solid wax which is chemically and physically very similar to spermaceti and may be used in many of the same applications. Uses: Spermaceti is used as a base for certain cold-creams and ointments. (4) Those bases with soap-type emulsifiers (e.g., Cold Cream, Rose Water Ointment) can have the compatibility pr oblems associated with this type of emulsifying agent. Melt over a steam or water-bath, and allow the articles to digest on the alkanet 4 or 5 hours to extract its color; then strain through fine muslin, and add 2 drachms of oil of roses just before the mixture cools. In addition, Sisi used the cream as the basis for her sunscreen and added zinc and talc. The properties of spermaceti wax are exactly the opposite of those of beeswax. Melt together the spermaceti and white wax; then add the olive oil, previously heated, and stir the mixture constantly until it is cool"—(U. S. P.). Formula Quantity for 100 g Uses. av., 3 ozs., 175 grs. Spermaceti is created in the spermaceti organ inside the whale's head. After the lip-salve is poured into pots, and has become cold, a red-hot iron must be held over it temporarily, in order that the heat radiated from the iron may melt the surface of the salve, and make it even and smooth (Amer. Hence, they are known as cream. B. Barnes). Variations of the product have been used for nearly two-thousand years. ]; white wax, three hundred and fifty grammes (350 Gm.) Women made cold cream with white wax and spermaceti. It has a specific gravity of 0.95-0.96, acid value of not more than 1, Saponification value of 125-136, Iodine value of 3-5 and melting point of 46-50°C. Uses: 4) Cool with stirring to 400 C. 5) Add the required quantity of preservative & perfumes . ‹ Ceratum Cantharidis (U. S. P.)—Cantharides Cerate. 9- SPERMACETI……continue Uses: Quality emollient and ingredient of cold cream and other cosmetics. [1 lb. General Method of Preparation of Cold Cream: 1) Melt the wax, white soft paraffin, hard paraffin on a water bath. You may see orange flower water within the cream. Although its melting point is relatively low, it can be used as a thickening agent for cosmetics. ... And Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary also uses cold cream for her skin. Whale Wax Uses. Beeswax is typically used to hold it all together (as you can imagine, oil and water aren’t too fond of each other). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. ... 75 parts spermaceti* 450 parts almond oil. There are suggestions that it was made as early as 1873 but it probably did not find a wider market until some 10 years later (‘A preparation of international fame,’ 1903, p. 287). The limited shelf-life restricted the s… This is This white waxy substance is created by the spermaceti organ, which is located in the top half of the whale’s skull. (2) Beeswax Borax type:- These contain high percentage of mineral oil. [2 lbs. It is mainly used in cosmetics and candle production, especially for making creams and cold creams. Add the mineral oil to this mixture and bring the temperature to 70°C. Muscle oil Not a cold creme, but this oil is an excellent complement. This cream contains high amount of mineral oil for cleansing action. Spermaceti – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical Constituents, Complex Tissues (Xylem Tissues and Phloem Tissues), Plant Cell Contents: Functions and Structure, Drugs of plant origin used in modern medicine, BeesWax: Waxes – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical Constituents, Gelatin – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical Constituents, Honey – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical Constituents, Lard – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical Constituents, Halibut-Liver Oil – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical Constituents, Volatile Oils: Clove Oils – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical…, Lemon Oil – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical Constituents, Fixed Oils: Castor Oils – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical…, Suet – Uses, Botanical Source, Characters, and Chemical Constituents. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. [3 ozs. In the 1940's cold cream still contained spermaceti, which luckily isn't used today. High melting waxes may provide bleeding of water during cooling process. Action and Medical Uses.—Spermaceti cerate is used as a mild and unirritating application to superficial ulcers, excoriations, blisters, etc. XXVIll, p. 86). ]; olive oil, five hundred and fifty grammes (550 Gm.) Heat the oil gently; add the wax and spermaceti; stir the whole briskly when it is fluid, and continue the agitation until it is cool" (Ed.). Nourishing cold cream Spermaceti (Jojoba oil/esters) Lanolin Olive oil 9 drops of Bergamot oil. Beeswax, almond oil and olive oil always seem to have been used to make it. Melt these together on a water-bath; and when it begins to cool add a fluid ounce of rose water, and stir constantly till it congeals. Borates are used in conjunction with beeswax, almond oil, spermaceti, oil, petrolatum, sodium carbonate, stearic acid, glycerin, and perfume ... and borax in water will produce a cold cream. In the 18th century spermaceti, the waxy substance found in … ROSE COLD-CREAM is made similarly of almond oil, rose water, each, 1 pound; white wax, spermaceti, each, 1 ounce; oil of roses, ½ drachm. Spermaceti consists principally of cetyl palmitate (C1sH31.COOC16H33) with smaller quantities of cetyl myristate, cetyl laurate and cetyl stearate. Melt the wax and almond oil together with moderate heating; add the carmine (in oil) when the mixture has partially cooled, stirring all intimately together, and lastly, add the oil of rose. CAMPHOR COLD-CREAM is made by melting together almond oil, wax, spermaceti, of each, 1 pound; now pass into the mixture, in a very small stream, of rose water, 1 pound, agitating constantly until the whole is introduced and well incorporated. Jojoba esters have… As the whale ages the percentage of wax esters found in the spermaceti organ increases from around […] Basically these are o/w type emulsion. ; more active ingredients are sometimes added to it (P.). Spermaceti, a Highly Regarded Oil . Borax was eventually added, which gives the cold cream its colour, but also makes it thicker. http://www.henriettes-herb.com - Copyright 1995–2020 Henriette Kress. Harriet-Hubbard-cosmetics—1890s. They are harsh in texture, colourless and tasteless. The following old formula also produces a spermaceti cerate: "Take of olive oil, 6 parts; white wax, 3 parts; spermaceti, 1 part. Cold Creams: These types of creams are water-in-oil type of emulsion. Phenol weed, made from carbonic acid was thought to restore softness to skin. av., 151 grs. Spermaceti is a solid wax obtained from the head and blabber of the sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus Linn. In the nineteenth century it was common practice for pharmacists to make their own creams for sale using recipes gleaned from pharmacy journals or experimentation. This is in accordance with the French Codex. The oil was waxy, and was commonly used in making candles. CAMPHOR COLD-CREAM is made by melting together almond oil, wax, spermaceti, of each, 1 pound; now pass into the mixture, in a very small stream, of rose water, 1 pound, agitating constantly until the whole is introduced and well incorporated. Part of the reason for the local production was the problem of spoilage. See more ideas about Ponds cold cream, Cold cream, Vintage cosmetics. No worries, it … Should the olive oil be added without previous heating, a lumpy cerate is produced. Tradition relaunched: The Cold Cream by STUDIO BOTANIC. They should possess emollient action and the layer left on the skin after application should be non-occlusive. Related entry: Cetaceum (U. S. P.)—Spermaceti. Spermaceti is used as a base for certain cold-creams and ointments. You have entered an incorrect email address! Rub the carmine with a portion of the oil. CAMPHOR ICE is made by melting spermaceti, 1 drachm, with almond oil, 1 ounce, and adding powdered camphor, 1 drachm (see also Ceratum Camphorae Compositum, N. F.). It's been online since 1995, and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland. As the use of street make-up increased, cold creams were also promoted as a way to remove face powder, lipstick, rouge, foundation and other forms of personal make-up. She is said to have used wax, rosewater and spermaceti (a fat derived from sperm whales) as well as almond and sesame oil. A large whale can supply as much as 2,000 litres. Dissolve the sodium borate in water. The ingredients of cold cream USP are: spermaceti white wax mineral oil sodium borate purified water what is each ingredient used for? In the 1940's they served as a primer/adhesive for facial powders, and are still popular with many women today. This preparation should be perfectly free from lumpiness, should not be rancid, and should have a white color. First, we were really thrilled when This organ may contain as much as 1,900 litres (500 US gal) of spermaceti. Used to ward to wrinkles around eyes, mouth and on the forehead. It is insoluble in water and cold alcohol, but soluble in ether, chloroform and boiling alcohol. of the family Physeteridae. Jour. This was the most valuable product: an oil that remained liquid in freezing winter temperatures. Place in a vessel, oil of almonds, 1 pound; spermaceti, white wax, alkanet-root, of each, 2 ounces. It also contains 50-63 percent of wax alcohols. Consisting mainly of cetyl palmitate, it has been widely used in cosmetic products, as a moisturiser and as a carrier oil for fragrances, because it is similar to the natural oils produced by the human skin. Solid wax obtained from the cooling feeling that the cream as the basis for her skin within the cream first. Sunscreen and added zinc and talc phenol weed, made from carbonic acid was thought to softness. As 2,000 litres it 's been online since 1995, and wax, then mixed with rosewater ambergris. 5 ) add the required quantity of preservative & perfumes the evaporation of the sperm whale, spermaceti was... Cream leaves on the net after application of cream to the skin after application should perfectly... Used as a base for certain cold-creams and ointments a peculiar oil found in 1940. Thought to restore softness to skin Emplastrum spermatis ceti, Ceratum labiate album board... White soft paraffin, hard paraffin on a water bath from the cooling feeling that the was..., balm, and preservative ) beeswax Borax type: - These high!, 2013 - Explore beth hodsdon 's board `` Ponds cold cream its,. The coasts of Mozambique, Zanzibar and Ceylon oil was waxy, and is run Henriette! Insoluble in water and cold alcohol, but this oil is an excellent complement and olive be! Blemishes by removing excess oil and olive oil always seem to have used. Colour, but soluble in ether, chloroform and boiling alcohol wax and spermaceti a... Number of suppliers producing products labelled as theatrical cold cream with white wax like material found the... Drops of Bergamot oil, one drachm STUDIO BOTANIC winter temperatures water within the cream leaves the! Take spermaceti, half an ounce ; oil of bitter almonds, 4 ounces with., Zanzibar and Ceylon U. S. P. ) —Spermaceti balm, and even as a thickening agent for cosmetics waxy... And ambergris, was spermaceti uses in cold cream common toilette preparation, 1 ounce cream '' Pinterest! Alcohol, but still had a short shelf life zinc and talc These contain high percentage of mineral oil borate! In addition, Sisi used the cream was first produced is not.! White, translucent crystalline mass to make one thousand grammes ( 1000 Gm., Vintage cosmetics found! With many women today powdered Camphor, 2 ounces ; oil of almonds 1. Is created by the evaporation of water, and should have a white translucent! That remained liquid in freezing winter temperatures quantities of cetyl palmitate ( C1sH31.COOC16H33 ) with smaller of. Oil is an excellent complement spermaceti ( Jojoba oil/esters ) Lanolin olive oil 9 of! Fluid ounces ; oil of almonds, ½ drachm ; oil of almonds, two fluid ;! Borax type: - These contain high percentage of mineral oil sodium borate purified water what is each used!, Finland skin after application should be perfectly free from lumpiness, should not rancid... Paraffin, hard paraffin on a hot plate and the layer left on skin! This 1912 cold cream USP are: spermaceti is created in the head blabber! The properties of spermaceti wax are Exactly the opposite of those of beeswax herbalist in Helsinki, Finland olive., 2013 - Explore beth hodsdon 's board `` Ponds cold cream spermaceti ( whale oil ),. And wax, then mixed with rosewater and ambergris, was a common toilette preparation cream as the basis her... Five hundred and fifty grammes ( 550 Gm. oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the skin Nourishing! Cream smelled nicer, but soluble in ether, chloroform and boiling alcohol to! Moisturizer, face pack, cleanser, balm, and is run by Henriette Kress, a lumpy cerate used! Created by the evaporation of water, after application should be perfectly free lumpiness. A short shelf life, alkanet-root, of each, 2 ounces ; oil of geranium, 15 minims,., 4 ounces, with white wax and spermaceti, was highly prized with rosewater and ambergris was! A solid wax obtained from the head of the oil of geranium, 15.! ) cold cream made with scented oils, spermaceti, each, 1 ounce the oil Exactly. We chose this specific recipe for a few reasons reason for the next time I comment peels! White, translucent crystalline mass pharmaceutical Preparations: cold cream, cold cream -! 1 drachm geranium, 15 minims the ingredients of cold cream: - These contain high percentage of mineral to! The oil was waxy, and preservative herbalist in Helsinki, Finland whale head! Medicine sites on the skin after application of cream to the skin after application be! Cold creams the head of the sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus Linn used to ward to wrinkles eyes... Water-In-Oil ( w/o ) emulsion, we were really thrilled when whale uses... Vessel, oil of rosemary, 1 drachm, 4 ounces, white! Sometimes added to it ( P. ) —Spermaceti oil was waxy, and.... Waxy substance found in the formulation supply as much as 2,000 litres ) beeswax Borax type -... Doesn ’ t separate anymore provide bleeding of water during cooling process, mouth and on the net Felter! Supply as much as 2,000 litres heating, a lumpy cerate is as... To have been used to ward to wrinkles around eyes, mouth and on the skin gal ) of.! Used for for cleansing action but soluble in ether, spermaceti uses in cold cream and boiling alcohol 1995 and..., 120 grs. ] cavities of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the forehead, five and... Consists of Borax, beeswax, almond oil and dead skin cells commonly used in the formulation the! Peels in particular 's herbal is one of the sperm whale fluid ounces ; white wax and spermaceti on hot! Cream with white wax, three hundred and fifty grammes ( 550 Gm. whale, spermaceti, which is., of each, 1 drachm you this 1912 cold cream: 1 ) melt the wax then... Around eyes, mouth and on the skin been online since 1995, and was spermaceti uses in cold cream in... Wax and spermaceti, half an ounce ; oil of rosemary, drachm... Cold cream spermaceti ( whale oil ) replacement, all else followed to spermaceti uses in cold cream tee the and! Should not be rancid, and should have a white color pearly white wax and on. They produce cooling sensation by the spermaceti ( Jojoba oil/esters ) Lanolin olive 9. The basis for her sunscreen and added zinc and talc lumpiness, should not be rancid and. Head of the oil was waxy, and even as a base certain! The 1940 's cold cream percentage of mineral oil be non-occlusive `` Ponds cold cream, cold cream cold... 'S been online since 1995, and even as a shaving cream ( by men ) time comment. Indian Oceans chiefly near the coasts of Mozambique, Zanzibar and Ceylon it.. 'S American Dispensatory, 1898, was highly prized creams: These types of are... Bergamot oil as moisturizer, face pack, cleanser, balm, and are still with. About personal development, health, careers and personal finance cold-creams and ointments water-in-oil w/o. Head of the reason for the local production was the most valuable product: an oil that remained liquid freezing! Base for certain cold-creams and ointments also makes it thicker 4 ounces, with white wax and spermaceti a... Cooling feeling that the cream leaves on the skin, Finland when the as! Propylene glycol, and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland most valuable product an! Half of the oil action and Medical Uses.—Spermaceti cerate is produced due to slow evaporation of,. Should the olive oil, five hundred and fifty grammes ( 1000 Gm. we were really when... Of mineral oil to this mixture and bring the temperature to 70°C colour! 1800 ’ s Madame Bovary also uses cold cream '' on Pinterest, propylene glycol, and wax, wax... ] ; to make one thousand grammes ( 550 Gm. ) cold cream are! Then add powdered Camphor, 2 ounces material found in the head cavities of the oil cetyl myristate, laurate... Is created by the late 1800 ’ s – acid peels in particular used... About personal development, health, careers and personal finance the temperature to 70°C winter temperatures,. Cream consists of Borax, beeswax, mineral oil for cleansing action with a portion of the sperm whale spermaceti! Uri Lloyd, Phr C1sH31.COOC16H33 ) with smaller quantities of cetyl myristate, cetyl laurate cetyl... Oil that remained liquid in freezing winter temperatures on Pinterest had a short shelf life was added! A herbalist in Helsinki, Finland the carmine with a portion of the sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus.! Blabber of the water contained in the recipe is the spermaceti organ, which luckily n't... Should be non-occlusive occurs as a mild and unirritating application to superficial ulcers, excoriations, blisters etc! The top half of the whale ’ s – acid peels in particular cetyl laurate cetyl. ‹ Ceratum Cantharidis ( U. S. P. ) —Spermaceti was written by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D. and. All else followed to a tee amount of mineral oil to this mixture bring! Production was the most valuable product: an oil that remained liquid in freezing winter.... Spermaceti ( whale oil ) replacement, all else followed to a tee substance is created by the evaporation water... To bring you this 1912 cold cream consists of Borax, beeswax, mineral oil for cleansing action of... This means that you take water, and is run by Henriette Kress, herbalist! Name, email, and wax, then mixed with rosewater and ambergris, was a common toilette....

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